Leen Helmink Antique Maps & Atlases


Fries / Waldseemüller - India Orientalis

Certificate of Authentication

This is to certify that the item illustrated and described below is a genuine and
original antique map or print that was published on or near the given date.

Dr Leendert Helmink, Ph.D.

Antique map of South East Asia by Fries / Waldseemüller

Laurent Fries

First Published

Strassburg, 1522

This edition

Lyon, 1535


28.1 x 43.6 cms



Stock number





A fascinating woodcut map of the South East Asia archipelago, by Laurent Fries. It is the earliest modern map dedicated to the region (as apposed to Ptolemy's map of the region dating back to classical antiquity), and was first published 500 years ago.

The cartographic image is deduced entirely from the 13th century travel account of the Venetian Marco Polo, and many quotes from his book are placed all over the map.

A cannibal barbecue feast is depicted at the lower right, with a reference to the Andaman islands. The natives are depicted wearing Medieval European clothes.

While nearly all of the maps in Fries' atlas are reduced versions of the maps in Martin Waldseemüller's 1513 edition of Ptolemy's Geographia, this map here is one of the very few exceptions of a map that has no corresponding progenitor in the 1513 atlas.

For this map, the geographical content, as well as the text legends on the map, closely follow the cartography of Southeast Asia on Waldseemüller's 1507 wall map of the world.

On his 1507 map, Martin Waldseemüller has closely adopted the cartography and the corresponding text legends for Southeast Asia from one of the world maps by Henricus Martellus Germanus, a map that is presumably lost but which must have been very close to Yale's famous manuscript map of the world of ca 1491.

Interestingly, a version of Germanus' map of the world was also closely copied by Martin Behaim to construct his Erdapfel of 1492, the oldest surviving globe.

As a side note, there is very little doubt that Christopher Columbus was familiar with Martellus' new cartography of the world and used it to plan and navigate his voyages.


Here from the 1535 Lyons edition, with the decorative title banner on top and blank verso. A strong and even imprint of the woodblock. Thick and clean paper, with no restorations or imperfections. A pristine collector's example.

The text legends on the map

For detailed transcriptions and translations of the Latin text legends on this map, as well as the sources for them, please do not hesitate to ask us.

Laurent Fries (c.1490-c.1532)

Laurent Fries (Laurentius Frisius), born in Mulhouse in Burgundy, travelled widely, studying as a physician and mathematician in Vienne, Padua, Montpellier and Colmar before settling in Strassburg. There he is first heard of working as a draughtsman on Peter Apian's highly decorative cordiform World Map, published in 1520. Apian’s map was based on Waldseemüller's map of 1507 which no doubt inspired Fries's interest in the Waldseemüller Ptolemy atlases of 1513 and 1520 and brought him into contact with the publisher, Johannes Grüninger. It is thought that Grüninger had acquired the woodcuts of the 1520 edition with the intention of producing a new version to be edited by Fries. Under his direction the maps were redrawn and although many of them were unchanged, except for size, others were embellished with historical notes and figures, legends and the occasional sea monster. Three new maps were added.

There were four editions of Fries' reduced sized re-issue of Waldseemüller's Ptolemy atlas:

1522 Strassburg: 50 woodcut maps, reduced in size, revised by Laurent Fries (Laurentius Frisius) and included the earliest map showing the name ‘America' which is likely to be available to collectors

1525 Strassburg: re-issue of 1522 maps

1535 Lyon: re-issue of 1522 maps, edited by Michael Servetus who was subsequently tried for heresy and burned at the stake in 1553, ostensibly because of derogatory comments in the atlas about the Holy Land – the fact that the notes in question had not even been written by Servetus, but were copied from earlier editions, left his Calvinist persecutors unmoved

1541 Vienne (Dauphiné): re-issue of the Lyon edition - the offensive comments about the Holy Land have been deleted

(Moreland and Bannister)